Sensible eating helps manage diabetes
One of the first questions for people newly diagnosed with diabetes is ‘what can I eat’.
Information can be very confusing with many news and healthy living magazines suggesting foods that can help diabetes.
To help make some kind of sense, we present our guide on which foods can help diabetes.
Picking a sensible diabetic diet
The following guidelines provide a good basis for a diabetic diet.
- Foods with a low GI (glycaemic index)
- Include lean meats, fish or other sources of protein
- Include plenty of fibre
- Try to take in a relatively low amounts of saturated fat and salt
Fruit and vegetables
Vegetables are a very good choice.
They contain a good quantity of vitamins and minerals and are a great source of fibre. Some vegetables have more effect on blood sugar than others so you may need to pick vegetables with a lower GI.
Fruits are also a good source of fibre and vitamins but people with diabetes will often find that some fruits are better than others for their blood sugar levels.
Protein can be very useful as it is more slowly broken down by the body than carbohydrates.
As a result, it has less of an effect on blood sugar and can help you to feel fuller for longer. Good protein sources include oily fish and lean meats, such as grilled skinless chicken.
Whole grain foods are those containing oats, barley, wheat where the full grain is used.
Foods made from grains have quite a high concentration of carbohydrate so people with diabetes will benefit by testing their blood sugar before and after eating grain based foods to see whether their blood sugar is being raised too high.